The beneficial effects of the Covid-19 vaccination programme has seen the number of coronavirus deaths and patients admitted to hospital fall, but the element that characterises the final part of the fourth wave of the pandemic is that the number of infections among young people has soared.
On Thursday, 1 July, the Junta de Andalucía’s Ministry of Health reported 419 new Covid-19 cases in Malaga province, some 102 more than on Wednesday, no deaths (in fact, no deaths were recorded in any Andalusian province) and 220 people who have recovered from the disease.
The consequence of the increase in cases is that the cumulative incidence rate stands at 181.1 infections per 100,000 inhabitants in 14 days, which represents an increase of 7.4 points compared to the previous day. The Andalusian rate rose by 3.3 points to 166.3. Only Cordoba (247.6) and Granada (218.6) have a higher incidence rate than Malaga.
If the seven-day rate is analysed, there has been an increase of 10 points going from 84 to 94. In Andalucía as a whole the rate is 78.6, a rise of 3.9 points.
The increase in new cases has occurred mainly in the younger population, aged 15 to 29, and an age group which, in addition to not being vaccinated, stands out for being more mobile and for its social relationships, which have increased after the end of the academic year.
The difference between this wave and the previous ones is that the higher number of infections does not, generally, lead to an increase in hospital admissions and deaths from Covid.
Another area that has seen a substantial improvement is the number of patients admitted to hospital with Covid-19. In Malaga hospitals there are 90 patients with Covid admitted (11 more than on Wednesday), of which 13 are in intensive care units (one fewer than the day before). In Andalucía there are 512 hospitalised patients with the virus (nine fewer than Wednesday); of which 119 are still in an intensive care unit (six fewer than the previous day).
Despite the fact that deaths and hospital admissions from coronavirus are in decline as there is an increasing population vaccinated, the Junta’s Minister of Health, Jesús Aguirre, expressed concern about the increase in infections among young people. For this reason, he sent a message to young people and their parents in which he said we must be very careful and maintain preventive measures. "I understand that they want to travel, but we cannot relax," said Aguirre, who admitted that the message that the outdoor mask can be dispensed with, if social distancing cannot be maintained, has not helped.