Malaga has the lowest birth rate in the last two decades, statistics show

The number of births is the lowest it has been for two decades.
The number of births is the lowest it has been for two decades. / SUR
  • Figures from the National Institute of Statistics (INE) show that in the first part of the year there was a negative population growth with 6,403 births and 7,190 deaths in Malaga

The birth rate in Malaga province fell to the lowest point in the last two decades in the first half of this year.

The National Institute of Statistics (INE) published figures on Tuesday, showing the births, deaths and marriages that took place from January to June 2018. According to this data, 6,403 births were recorded in this period in Malaga province, compared to 7,190 deaths. This means that the province experienced a negative population growth (that is, more deaths than births) of 787 people.

According to data from INE, 2017 ended with a positive growth rate of 1,714 people. Throughout 2017, 14,422 children were born and 12,708 deaths were recorded.

This year therefore sees the lowest recorded birth rate in 20 years for the province. In 1998, 12,627 births were recorded, with the first half of the year seeing just 6,096 babies born in Malaga. In 1999, 6,260 births were recorded in the same period which is also fewer than in 2018.

The statistics also show that this year, from January to June, more boys were born than girls. It was recorded that 3,272 boys were born and 3,131 girls.

On the other hand, more men were also recorded to have died (3,723 men compared to 3,467 women). Of the total number of deaths (7,190), 2,694 were registered in the city of Malaga.

The statistics published also show the number of marriages which took place in this period. From January to June this year, 2,285 marriages took place.

Throughout 2017 there were 5,903 marriages. The month with the fewest was January with 174 and the most was June with 779.

There was also a striking fall in traditionally religious marriages, with only 390 Catholic unions recorded. Another 16 marriages of other religions took place.

The vast majority of the marriages recorded in the winter months were civil ceremonies, with 164 of 174 marriages in January taking place without any religious aspect. In June, 205 of the marriages that took place were Catholic.

In Spain as a whole, the first half of this year saw 179,794 births, which is 5.8 per cent less than the same period the previous year. This low number of births in the first half of the year continues the downward trend of recent years, with the one exception of 2014.

At a regional level

Statistics released on Tuesday also accounted for the region of Andalucía as a whole, but this time, only for the first quarter of the year.

Throughout the region, for this period of 2018, there were 17,235 births and 22,497 deaths, which is a 5.2 per cent and an 8.2 per cent increase, respectively, than the same period last year. Births in which one parent was foreign accounted for 20.5 per cent of the total births in Malaga.

Another statistic released explored the marital status of the women having children. In Malaga there were more births to unmarried mothers (1,652) than married (1,543). Of the unmarried women, 653 do not live with the father of their children, compared to 534 who do.