Phenomena such as the collaborative economy, which includes multinationals in the transport sector such as Uber and Cabify, or logistics, like Deliveroo and Glovo, are coming under scrutiny from tax inspectors because they often hide a number of irregularities, such as people being forced to register as self-employed when they depend economically on a single provider, who also dictates their working hours.
The minister for Work, Migration and Social Security, Magdalena Valerio, says the "abuse" of self-employed workers which is being carried out by some companies is absolutely intolerable. They are taking on workers with whom "there is a real employer/employee relationship", but insisting that they register as self-employed. Valerio says a plan against labour exploitation needs to be drawn up, as prime minister Pedro Sánchez has already said, and more inspections need to be carried out.
The president of ATA-Andalucía, Rafael Amor, says the number of false registrations as self-employed in Spain did not grow with the crisis, but the sectors have changed. "This is no longer just happening in transport or logistics; it is also occurring in the public administrations and the media," he says. "There are ways of reporting it to the authorities".